In the event of an emergency, it is the governments responsibility to provide help first those who need it most. The majority must be prepared and able to cope on their own for some time, which is why home preparedness is vital for every household.
The basics of home preparedness are primarily in the following order, however depending on location, situation & climate this may need to change:
5. First Aid
In any emergency situation water is going to be at the top of your priority list. Without water, your survival chances are measured in days. The number of days largely depends on the climate, physical activity and general health. Store large containers of water, this can be stored for up to one month in a cool place and can be drank straight away. Anything longer will need to be boiled, chemically treated and/or filtered before drinking. Each person needs around 5 litres of water per day for basic hydrations, food preparation and sanitation, so the more water you can store the better. If you have to leave, be sure you have a water container you can carry or an on-the-go water filtering system to drink water direct from the source.
Remember: Water is vital for the proper functioning of your organs. Dehydration can make you very unwell and hinder your ability to care for yourself and others, ensure you remain hydrated at a time of crisis.
Home preparedness is assuming you will be at home, however there are times when you may need to leave the safety of your house in an emergency situation. In cold or moderate climates, warmth is essential however even in warm climates, warmth is important. Ensure you have the ability to keep yourself warm indoors and without electricity, such as a gas fire. Ensure you have appropriate clothing, should you need to leave your home and store plenty of blankets, sleeping bags or survival blankets to cater for all eventualities.
Remember: When you get wet, you lose your body heat up to 25 times faster than if you were dry.
When electricity goes out and your fridge and freezer starts to heat up, the food in your fridge and freezer will quickly go off. Be sure to store dry, canned, long life food including foods which can be eaten cold in an emergency situation. You will also need a method of being able to cook without electricity or mains gas, having a gas stove with a supply of bottled gas is ideal.
Remember: If you lose electricity during a snow storm or if the temperature outside is below 5c, you can use the outdoors to keep your food cold or frozen, be sure to protect it from sunlight and wildlife.
If the power goes out, you will most likely be able to use a battery free cabled landline (not the battery powered handsfree version of a landline phone) you might also be able to use your mobile phone for communication and even internet until your battery runs flat. However, you must be prepared for the worst case scenario that phone lines are down and mobile phone masts are not working. How will you find out about the local situation? If you need to evacuate, where should you go? Your best preparation for such events is to have a cabled landline, have a power bank and solar charger for your mobile phone and to have a battery / solar / wind up radio.
Remember: You won’t be able to call emergency services from a radio, if you have a working mobile, limit its use where possible to reserve for cases of emergency.
5. FIRST AID
Most households contain first aid supplies of some sort for every day injuries, however it is advised to prepare to have no access to emergency treatment for several days and to trained in how to use your First Aid Kit. Have a good healthy supply of first aid materials which include at a minimum, bandages, slings, scissors, plasters, tape, saline water, anti septic ointment, over the counter medications, stock of household prescription medications and a tourniquets. It is a good idea to have a medical kit which includes thermometer, blood pressure monitor, finger oximeter, blood sugar monitor, stethoscope and First Aid Manual. The more extensive your First Aid Kit, the more prepared you can be for emergencies.
Remember: You can train at local courses, online and even on official videos on YouTube. Learn First Aid and basic health management to help keep you healthy should you have no access to emergency care.
There is no set level of preparedness required to be a Prepper, it is entirely up to the individual to decide how much prepping will make them feel safe and secure in an emergency situation, Do what feels right for you and your family.